The guide how to use FTP Server on Ubuntu 21.04 Minimal
To start the server, run the VM through Amazon.
- To work, you must open port 20, 21, 60000-65535 (TCP) in the network properties in the Amazon firewall.
- Install PuTTY. You can download PuTTY from the link – https://putty.org.ru/download.html Launch PuTTY.
- To connect to the VM, you should generate a “Private Key” in advance. This can be done using the following instruction (by choosing the “file format:” option “.ppk” in point 3)
- Go to the SSH section in the left panel and then to Auth.
- In the “Auth” section, click “Browse” and specify the path to the .ppk file you received earlier.
- Go to the home page of “Session”, enter the IP address of the VM and click “Open”.
- In the window that appears, click Accept.
- In the console that opens, you must enter the standard login that appears when creating a virtual machine – centos.
Or use the username you provided after creating the virtual machine.
- To create a new user, use the command
sudo useradd -m username
Where username is the name that the user comes up with
- To create a password, use the command
sudo passwd username
Where username is the ftp user created in the previous step
Important: When entering a password for security reasons, it will not be displayed, also password has to be a maximum of 8 characters. If you enter a password with more than 8 characters, it will be shortened. While entering a password in the ftp client, only the first 8 characters will be taken.
- Install “FileZilla Client” for further connection
You can download it from the link: Download FileZilla Client for Windows (64bit x86)
- Run “FileZilla Client”, enter the VM address, port 22 TCP, username and password that were specified when creating the virtual machine and click “Quickonnect”
- Welcome to the remote site
The examples of the basic ftp user management commands that can be entered after connecting in the PuTTY client:
The deletion of user:
sudo userdel username
The blocking of user account: (works only for password login)
sudo usermod -L username
The unblocking of user account:(works only for password login)
sudo usermod -U username